DKIM: what it’s not

An ESP twittered this past week about their new DKIM implementation going live. They were quite happy with themselves. Unfortunately, in their blog post, they mentioned 3 things that DKIM would provide for their customers, and got it wrong on all 3 points. Their confusion is something that a lot of people seem to get wrong about DKIM so I thought I would explain what was wrong.

  1. “[M]essages are affirmatively identified as coming from our servers…” DKIM isn’t necessary to affirmately identify mail as coming from a particular server or IP address. In fact, one of the major benefits of DKIM is that it allows sender reputation to be independent of IP address reputation.
  2. “Messages are more likely to be delivered to the inbox rather than the spam folder.” Not necessarily. The presence or absence of a valid DKIM signature is unlikely to increase inbox delivery on its own. Having a valid DKIM signature and a good reputation for that sender may result in better inbox delivery. The ISPs aren’t currently, are are unlikely to, offer preferential inbox delivery just on the basis of a DKIM signature.
  3. “Larger ISPs are heading towards requiring a DKIM signature on all incoming email. We are providing this feature now to avoid any issues in the future.” This is currently untrue and it is extremely unlikely that any ISPs will ever *require* a valid DKIM signature on all incoming email. The internet is just too large and too varied for ISPs to expect that all wanted mail will be DKIM signed.

DKIM is a way to authenticate email. Senders with good reputation will be able to take advantage of that reputation no matter what IP address they send mail from.

Senders should encourage ESPs and MTA vendors to implement DKIM signing sooner rather than later. However, DKIM signing alone will not improve delivery.


  1. Jim Fenton says

    I have a slightly different take on these:

    1. It’s the other part of the ESP’s statement, “…and will benefit from the positive reputation they have,” that I disagree with. With domain-based reputation it’s the domain, not the mail server, that has a reputation, as you point out.

    2. The presence of a DKIM signature does allow a domain to start establishing a (hopefully positive) reputation with the ISP, which in turn can result in increased delivery to the inbox without further action on the domain’s part. It’s true that it’s not a direct consequence of signing though.

    3. I completely agree with you on this; there’s no way that I can see any ISP requiring signatures, except possibly if the author domain publishes an ADSP record requesting this.

  2. Nazzareno Gorni says

    I agree with Laura and I have a question.
    Which is the impact of the DKIM selector parameter (s=)?

  3. J.D. says

    It’s unlikely that s= will have any impact on deliverability at all.

  4. laura says

    I have been told, in no uncertain terms, that s= should not be used for reputation and if it is that Internet Greybeards will show up on your doorstep and beat you with standards documents.

  5. steve urow says

    I send out a newsletter and want to implement DKIM, but I do not see the nuts and bolts, step by step of doing so.

  6. laura says


    You can get some instructions on Step by step depends on what MTA software you are using, so you’ll want to talk to your vendor or look at the opensource tools available for your particular mail software.


Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

  • Lost in the mists of time

    Over on the Farsight Security blog Joe St. Sauver talks about some of the early days of online abuse, on usenet. Laura and I were on the periphery of early usenet abuse, mostly as users, but Usenet (and IRC) around then were the places we both started with email abuse.No Comments

  • Ongoing Yahoo delays

    I've been hearing from folks over the last few days that they're seeing an uptick in deferrals from Yahoo! The deferrals are not uniform. ESPs report they're seeing some, but not all, customers affected. Other ESPs aren't seeing any changes. It's not just you. But it would be very worthwhile to dig into engagement and other stats. It's possible this is a new normal at Yahoo! and they're tightening filters to catch mail that doesn't fit their standards but was previously difficult to filter.No Comments

  • AOL starts using Sender Score Certification

    Good news for Sender Score Certified IPs. Return Path recently announced that AOL has joined the list of ISPs offering preferential treatment to certified IPs.  1 Comment